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Today has influenced the content of extracurricular activities with children and adolescents.

Such joint work of teachers and teachers of out-of-school institutions with parents is extremely important, especially when children are going through difficult periods in life. At this time there is a kind of "peak" of qualitative changes in the child, when he naturally asserts himself, thinks about his "tomorrow". It is during this crucial period that everything depends on whether the parents, together with the rest of the educational institutions, can get as close as possible to the child in order to lead the development of his inner strength in the right direction.

The main concern of such joint work is to do everything to ensure that the child does not remain in isolation for a moment in the family, in the out-of-school institution and at school, to prevent it from losing self-esteem.

Since extracurricular activities are educational activities of out-of-school institutions for children and youth, they face the following tasks:

consolidation and deepening of knowledge acquired in the learning process, their application in practice; expanding the general outlook of students, forming their scientific worldview, developing skills and abilities of self-education; formation of interests in various branches of science, technology, art, sports, identification and development of individual creative abilities and inclinations; organization of schoolchildren’s leisure, cultural recreation and mental entertainment; dissemination of educational influence on students in different areas of implementation.

The main direction of educational work in out-of-school environment is to ensure the process of integration of purposeful and unorganized educational influences on the individual, as well as stimulating the development of the child’s subjective position in this process, regulating optimal relationships in the system "personality – family – school – out-of-school educational institutions – society".

In this regard, it is possible to determine in advance the special social actions of the out-of-school teacher, which are due to the specifics of the open out-of-school micro environment, its broad social nature: ensuring appropriate socio- pedagogical intervention in the socialization of children, adolescents, youth

The versatility and variety of these tasks, the situations in which he (extracurricular teacher) works, provide him with a kind of role of "third" person, mediator, link between these institutions and the environment, between the individual and society, and therefore require such possible qualities as:

ability to influence not only pupils, but also their parents, friends, neighbors, the general pedagogical situation in the micro society, group communication of children and adolescents, which provides appropriate professional equipment, a broad profile of out-of-school teacher training, as well as a clear civic position; ability to work in informal communication from the position of an informal leader; the ability to be a participant in joint creative activities, not to separate themselves from students, remaining their leader; the ability to build their relationships with students on the basis of dialogue; to have the concept of education taking into account own character and own possibilities of influence on spiritual development of children.

The content of the extracurricular education system includes:

aesthetic, moral, legal and other areas of education; educational and cognitive activities; classes on labor and technology and career guidance work; classes in various arts; sports and mass work; games and entertainment; educational activities.

The education of students is not limited to the forms used in school. The traditional school community, the main component of which is the class, cannot provide conditions for students to learn all the richness of social experience, eliminate isolation between classes and different age groups, deprive intra-collective relations of monotony and limitation.

When parents see the friendliness of the teacher and feel that the teacher is also concerned about the well-being of the child, psychological protection becomes unnecessary. Here it is already possible to pass to cooperation, using its various forms. Traditionally, this is the participation of parents in the work of the school parent committee, management of sections and clubs. This practically exhausts the activities of parents at school. But there are many other forms of cooperation between teachers and parents. For example, you can ask one of the parents to hold a parent meeting himself and tell him what problems he sees in raising a child, how he tries to solve them.

The speech of a father who had a difficult relationship with his own child and how he overcame it would also be extremely instructive. To allow this person to openly share their experience in raising a son or daughter.

Thus, teaching children to active recreation is an important task for teachers and educators. Therefore, teachers should help students to use their time rationally so that it can be used to their advantage for recreation, interesting activities, further improvement of mental, moral, physical and aesthetic qualities. Obviously, creative use will help teachers to enrich their own experience of extracurricular educational work.

Family and school are the shore and the sea. On the shore, the child takes his first steps, receives the first lessons of life, and then an unknown sea of ​​knowledge opens before him, and the school paves the way in this sea. This does not mean that the child should completely break away from the shore – because even long-distance sailors always return to shore.

The family gives the child the initial preparation for life, which the school still can not give, because it requires direct contact with the world of loved ones around the child, a world very native, very necessary, a world to which the child from the first years gets used to which is considered. And then an unknown sense of independence is born, which the school must maintain.

Socio-economic changes taking place in the life of our country require an urgent revision of learned views, attitudes not only in the field of education of the younger generation, but also in the relationship of all parts of the system of social development of the individual … This is especially true of the relationship between school and family. An analysis of the state of this relationship shows that the traditional approach to the education of the younger generations, through the system of mutual efforts of school and family and pedagogical guidance of family education is extremely ineffective.

It is known that the family is the natural and most stable formation of human society, which accumulates in itself all its most important features. The family has always been the best collective educator, the bearer of the highestnational ideals.

Raising a child healthy, hardworking, a real citizen is not an easy task. Father and mother are responsible to society for the upbringing of children, for the formation of the future citizen. The process of raising children in a family is closely related to the process of raising and educating the younger generation at school. The leading role, however, belongs to the school, which should function the educational functions and the family in society.

For the first time in a family, a child learns the norms of morality, skills of joint work, life plans of children, aesthetic ideals are formed, love for Ukraine is brought up.

Homeland begins with the family and the most important traits and qualities of a citizen are born in family upbringing, children are a continuation not only of our family, but also of our social order, our conquests and noble intentions. And the future of our people and society will depend on what spiritual values ​​young people will take from us.

No matter which path our children choose, they will certainly take their rightful place in life if they have a sense of civic responsibility, high moral qualities and true diligence.

Parents are the best educators, and therefore, first of all, they are responsible to their own conscience, the people, the state for the upbringing of their children. It is in the family that certain life attitudes of a person are formed and gradually changed, which determine the essence of his spirituality, his moral face.

Today has influenced the content of extracurricular activities with children and adolescents. Market relations, competition, free choice of field of activity contribute to the strengthening of the individual’s need for additional education, early professional self-determination. And most importantly – increasing attention and interest of parents to extracurricular activities of children, increasing demand for additional educational services.

Recognizing all the age-old importance of school, school education for the best development of children, it is impossible not to see that the best school without extracurricular education and its help will not give great useful results. Extracurricular education is necessary for the country’s cultural progress as the best means of educating a harmoniously developed person – an individual, not a monotonous group that is unable to defend its will or direct it to the common good.

The relationship between the parents themselves is extremely important for the formation of the child’s life attitudes, as they reflect the general spirit of family relations, the direction of life and family, its moral sphere.

The family and the school set themselves the main main task – education is comprehensive, harmoniously developed, to realize themselves in professional, civic and family aspects.

The need for a healthy lifestyle, developed intellect and wide all-round development, intelligence in communication, aesthetic perception of the world – these are the end results of the joint educational activities of family and school. The principles and approaches that should work for the end result are implemented in school, but it is necessary that the whole life of the student, educating and developing, is built on a single basis and within the walls of the school and home.

Contradictions in the educational approaches of the family and the school are reproduced on the effectiveness of the educational process. The result that the school expects and which, of course, we, the parents, must strive for, to be achieved only by our joint efforts.

In order to avoid unhappy children, education authorities and young parents, as always, need to improve the culture of family and community education of children. So let’s all together, not only talk and write about it, but also act.


Mastering the technique of silent reading. Abstract

It is known that reading is such a complex process that its essence is difficult or impossible to define unambiguously.